Washington — Blockbuster decision by the U.S. Supreme CourtAbortion rights ruling overturns 50 years of precedent and empowers state lawmakers across the country to restrict or ban . The result will be a patchwork of laws that vary based on where a person lives.
Thirteen states have so-calledOn the books, abortion will soon be outlawed in most cases.In its June 24 ruling, the court upheld the Abortion is prohibited after 15 weeks of pregnancy.
Justice Samuel Alito wrote in his majority opinion, “Roe was horribly wrong from the start…it is time to pay attention to the Constitution and put the issue of abortion back in the hands of elected representatives.” Roe argues that the Constitution protects women The right to have an abortion before the fetus is alive outside the womb, usually around 24 weeks of pregnancy.
Many Republican-led states have passed laws banning abortions at various stages of pregnancy. Meanwhile, Democratic-led states have moved to protect abortion rights. And state-level action on abortion is taking place not only in state legislatures across the country, but also in their own courts.
One Analysis by the Guttmacher InstituteResearch that supports abortion rights found that, as of May 1, 23 states had enacted laws that could be used to limit abortion rights in Roy’s absence.
On August 5, Indiana became the firstAfter Luo decided. State lawmakers passed and the governor signed a near-total abortion ban, barring rape, incest cases, and protecting the life and physical health of mothers.
Here’s where the states stand on abortion:
states with “trigger” laws
Thirteen states have so-called “trigger” laws that would restrict abortion, Roy was overturned: Arkansas, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma states, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wyoming. Some state laws will go into effect immediately after the Supreme Court decision, while others will take effect 30 days later.
In some cases, the injunction would go into effect once the state attorney general or other officials certify that the Supreme Court ruling overturned Roe, but that could happen quickly after the court ruling.
Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmidt, give an opinion Within minutes, his state’s ban was now in effect, barring abortion, rape or incest except in medical emergencies. “With this Attorney General’s opinion, my office has effectively ended abortion in Missouri, becoming the first state in the country to do so following a court ruling,” Schmidt said in a statement. statement.
Lawmakers in Nebraska tried to pass a trigger ban this year but failed in the state Senate in April.
states with 6-week bans
Anti-abortion rights advocates have been urging states to enact legislation to ban the procedure once an embryonic heartbeat is detected after about six weeks of pregnancy. Eleven states have done so, but nearly all measures were initially blocked: Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma Massachusetts, South Carolina, Tennessee and Texas.
Texas law took effect at Supreme Court last yearfrom being enforced. The measure has a novel enforcement mechanism that requires ordinary citizens, rather than government officials, to do so by bringing a lawsuit in state court against anyone who performs an abortion or “aids or abets” them. Its design has inspired bills in other Republican-led states that mirror Texas’ measures.
states with 15-week bans
In Florida, a 15-week ban was signed into law in April and went into effect on July 1. The 15-week ban passed by Mississippi in 2018 was at the center of the controversy that led to Roy’s overthrow.
The Louisiana 15-week measure was signed into law by Democratic Gov. John Bell Edwards in 2018, but will only go into effect if the Mississippi law is supported.
In Kentucky, the state legislatureLast month’s bill to ban abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy. But the U.S. District Court granted Planned Parenthood’s request for a temporary restraining order, preventing the bill from taking effect.
states with 20-week bans
Four states have laws prohibiting abortion after 20 weeks: Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska and North Carolina.
In Montana, Republican Gov. Greg Gianforte signed a law banning abortion after 20 weeks last year, but a state court judge blocked the measure and two other abortion laws in October effective.
States That Enforced Abortion Bans Before Roe v. Wade
In addition to new laws limiting when abortions can be performed during pregnancy, nine states enacted laws that were never removed before the 1973 Roe decision.
These states are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Michigan, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
In Michigan, however, Democratic Gov. Gretchen Whitmer,Thirteen county attorneys have abortion clinics under their jurisdiction to circumvent the state’s 1931 pre-Roy abortion ban.
countries with the right to abortion
Supreme Courts in nine states recognize abortion rights under their respective constitutions, according to Center for Reproductive Rights. Even without Roe, state constitutional protections ensure abortion remains legal.
Some of these states, like Florida, have passed laws restricting access, while others, like Montana, have temporarily banned abortion restrictions.
The nine states are Alaska, California, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana and New Jersey.
Iowa has been on the list, but the state Supreme CourtAbortion rights are not protected by the state constitution, overturning a court decision four years ago. Iowa’s Republican-controlled legislature and governor have said they will move to further limit the use of abortion.
In Kansas, an amendment to allow regulation of abortion was presented to voters in August,, keeping state protection intact. Pro-abortion rights groups in Michigan have also launched a ballot campaign to write abortion rights into the state’s constitution.
countries with laws protecting the right to abortion
While many Republican-led states have passed laws restricting abortion, Democratic-led states have moved to protect abortion rights. Sixteen states and the District of Columbia have taken such measures: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New York states, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.