Cancer is any malignant neoplasms characterized by the proliferation of anaplastic cells that tend to invade surrounding tissue and metastasize to new body sites.
It is possible to prevent cancer in most cases.
This is an important message regarding the leading cause of death worldwide.
But unfortunately, most people still don’t know the most effective ways to reduce their risk.
And that’s not that shocking, considering how many cancer-related articles we read and watch weekly.
This might even throw off some experts.
1. Don’t Light Up
About 30% of all malignancies and 90% of lung cancers in the US are caused by smoking.
About half of all smokers will die prematurely from a smoking-related illness such as lung cancer, heart disease, or COPD.
Tobacco usage is responsible for more than five million deaths annually and an estimated one billion fatalities by the end of the century.
2. Strive To Keep Your Weight within a Healthy Range
Recent surveys indicate that over half of people are uninformed of the link between obesity and cancer, despite obesity being one of the most significant risk factors for cancer.
However, there is strong evidence that being at a healthy weight and embracing other healthy lifestyle practices can prevent approximately half of all cancer-related deaths.
Cancers of the breast (after menopause), colon, kidney, pancreas, esophagus (adenocarcinoma), ovaries, and prostate have all been linked to being overweight or obese.
Cancers of the liver and gallbladder, as well as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, are increasingly thought to be linked to obesity.
3. Regular Exercise
It’s generally accepted that maintaining a regular exercise routine has positive health effects.
Cancer prevention is a bonus to the reduced risks of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, and hypertension.
The association between inactivity and breast and colon cancers accounts for most of the five percent of malignancies thought to be caused by inertia in the United States.
Eat Well-Balanced Meals
The risk of many types of cancer can be reduced by eating healthily, making it clear how important a healthy diet is to one’s well-being.
There is substantial evidence that the way we eat has a genuine impact on cancer risk, even though media coverage of the links between diet and cancer has been unclear at best and misleading.
Contrary to popular belief, the caloric content of a person’s diet is the most crucial factor in determining whether or not they will develop cancer.
The most beneficial dietary modification one may make is limiting their calorie intake and maintaining a healthy weight.
4. If You Choose To Drink Alcohol, Do So in Moderation
The effects of alcohol on the body are multifaceted.
Although there is strong evidence that even light alcohol intake (less than one drink per day) can increase the risk of two major malignancies (breast and colon), there is also strong evidence that moderate consumption can dramatically reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in older persons.
The idea is to weigh the costs and benefits of each option.
Although it is widely documented that moderate alcohol consumption positively affects older persons, non-drinkers should not be urged to start drinking due to the danger of cancer and the potential for alcohol dependence.
However, most adults who drink moderately do not need to cut back. However, it is important to advise all strong drinkers to reduce their consumption to a more manageable level or to quit altogether.
5. Remember To Wear Sun Protection
Excessive sun exposure is a known risk factor for developing skin cancer, melanoma’s most dangerous form.
The importance of sun protection cannot be overstated, as melanoma rates continue to rise in the United States and worldwide.
However, more and more people in the United States suffer from extreme sun exposure.
A third of adults have reported getting sunburned at least once in the past year, and about 20% have earned four or more sunburns.
6. Avoid Getting Sick by Taking Precautions
Infections play a significant influence in the development of several malignancies. However, this fact is largely unknown by the general public.
In low-income nations, infections are responsible for about 23% of all malignancies.
Seven percent is the average in countries with greater incomes. It’s 4% across the North American continent.
This may occur if the infecting agent (such as a virus) modifies the activity of infected cells or if the infection causes chronic inflammation.
Illnesses that weaken the immune system cells (such as HIV) also increase cancer risk, rendering the body more vulnerable to cancer-causing pathogens.
7. Schedule Regular Screenings for Disease
The most excellent method to prevent cancer is to undergo screening exams regularly.
Screening tests not only help discover cancers early when they are most treatable, but they can also prevent some cancers, such as colon and cervical cancer.
Colon cancer screenings detect and remove adenomatous polyps and precancerous growths in the colon that can increase a person’s risk of developing colorectal cancer.
We can reduce the mortality rate from colon cancer by as much as a quarter of people undergoing regular screening using sigmoidoscopy and fecal occult blood testing.